Orange, any of several species of small trees or shrubs of the genus Citrus of the family Rutaceae and their nearly round fruits, which have leathery and oily rinds and edible, juicy inner flesh. A number of species and varieties of orange are economically important, namely the China orange, also called the sweet, or common, orange (Citrus ×sinensis); the mandarin orange (C. reticulata), some varieties of which are called tangerines; and the sour, or Seville, orange (C. ×aurantium), which is less extensively grown. Common varieties of the sweet orange include the Jaffa, from Israel, the seedless navel, and the Maltese, or blood, orange.
One medium orange weighing 131 gTrusted Source provides:
➡ 61.6 calories
➡ 0.16 g of fat
➡ 237 milligrams of potassium
➡ 15.4 g of carbohydrate
➡ 12.2 g of sugar
➡ 1.23 g of protein
➡ Vitamin C: 92.93% for females and 77.44% for males
➡ Thiamin: 10.36%
➡ Folate: 9.83%
➡ Fiber: At least 9.34%, depending on age and sex
➡ Calcium: Between 4.36% and 5.24%, depending on age
➡ Potassium: 5.04%
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➤ Oranges are the largest citrus fruit in the world.
➤ Orange juice is the most popular fruit juice in America.
➤ There are over 600 varieties of oranges.
➤ Florida is the top orange producer in the United States.
➤ Spain has over 35 million orange trees.
➤ Brazil is the world leader in orange production, producing about half of the world’s orange juice and approximately 80% of the world’s orange concentrate.
➤ With a high resistance to disease, more oranges are killed by lightning than by plant diseases.